July 26th, 2018

Hawaii's Safety and Security Scores by Island

How safe and secure do you feel within your community?

As most of you already know, the Hawai‘i Well-Being Project is a team effort to fit together a set of reliable, continuing data to address policy-relevant strengths and liabilities in Hawai‘i. It is part of an ongoing effort to improve the well being of Hawai‘i’s communities and residents. We learn about the well being of a community in two ways: by asking individuals about their subjective experience and by looking at objective indicators. For example, the measure of safety and security is a combination of residents’ perception of safety in their community as well as the actual number of crimes within their community as reported by the Counties.

A variety of national organizations have provided “happiness” or “well-being” scores for the State of Hawai‘i in the past. These have been based on national studies with a relatively small base of local resident data. The Hawai‘i Well-Being Project was designed by local experts to identify local issues, validated through interviews with a large number of residents. The data presented represents the 2017 results. The study continues to be administered in 2018.

To fully understand residents’ well-being, the SMS Hawai‘i Well-Being Study measures well-being in each of following domains:

  • Economic
  • Health
  • Governance
  • Safety and Security
  • Social Capital
  • Environment
  • Education
  • Overall Well-Being Score by Community


This is our fourth installment – the safety and security scores by community.

The safety and security scores quantify how safe and secure residents of the various communities feel about their neighborhood, how they feel about their neighbors, and the safety of their community. Attached as Appendix A you can review the safety and security questions and the objective indicators.

The following charts summarize the safety and security scores for 53 communities across the State. The score is the statistically weighted mean of responses to survey questions and several public domain economic data.

Each chart has two frames – the score and an index. The index is a measurement of the variance of the specific community’s mean score versus the mean score for the specific County. As an example, on O‘ahu, the safety and security score for Aina Haina is 19 percent above the O‘ahu average, whereas the score for Ala Moana and Kaka‘ako is 22 percent below O‘ahu island’s average score. As was requested by some of the recipients, we split the O‘ahu data into two charts for easier review.


The Hawai‘i Well-Being Study can be used to guide policy development and can be a valuable tool for Hawai‘i communities. The community-level data and well-being model makes it possible for communities to better understand the domains and factors influencing their residents. Over time, using this tool, specific domains/factors can be identified as needing to be strengthened to improve overall community well being. As programs are implemented, key metrics can track community-level changes, programs improved, and over time, higher levels of well being achieved.

In the next few weeks you will continue to receive mailings that will explain the well-being scores for the 53 communities we measured by the other domains listed. The results presented above are based on a random sample of 3,199 Hawai‘i residents, 18 years or older, providing a margin of error of +/-1.7 percent at the 95 percent confidence level at the State level, individual community level data will have a higher margin of error due to a smaller sample size which will improve as further iterations of the study are conducted.


For more information on how you can participate in the 2018 SMS Well-Being Study please contact us.



Appendix

Safety and Security Questions

1. Please indicate how strongly you agree that each statement applies to the community that you live in.

  • You know and trust your neighbors.
  • You would let your neighbors watch your children.
  • You feel safe walking in your community at night.
  • You are prepared for the next hurricane or tsunami.
  • You are worried about the environment in your community getting worse.
  • You are worried about a terrorist attack in your community.

2. Have you ever been a victim of a crime in your community?

3. Have you ever been a victim of domestic violence?

4. Have you ever been a victim of identity theft?


Objective Indicators:

  • Violent crimes in the community
  • Home burglaries in the community
  • Other crimes in the community
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